current position:Home>The chief technology officer of Amazon predicts five major technology trends in 2022 and the future

The chief technology officer of Amazon predicts five major technology trends in 2022 and the future

2022-02-02 17:48:35 TechWeb

[an error occurred while processing the directive]

【TechWeb】12 month 17 Daily news , Amazon CTO Werner Vogels noting :“ We have entered a ‘ Inflection point ’.2022 It will be a more exciting year in scientific and technological progress , Technology will further promote human 、 And our earth moving forward .” meanwhile , He gave it. 2022 Five major technology trends in the year and in the future .

The following is a Werner Vogels Prediction of five major technology trends :

Forecast one : Artificial intelligence (AI) Supported software development is on the stage

Software development is a creative process , But there is also a lot of repetitive work .2022 year , Machine learning will begin to play an important role in enhancing the workflow of software developers , Help developers create more secure 、 More reliable code .

Since the cloud appeared , We have seen companies around the world bring innovation to their customers on a large scale at an unprecedented speed . However , Even if product delivery speeds up , People still spend too much time on software development .

Although the programming language 、 Software development kit (SDK) And other development efficiency tools have been significantly improved , But these are small evolutions , At present, we have not seen such a significant leap to other technologies . In the past few years , We have begun to lay a foundation for future software development Some basic . I think it's like Amazon DevOps Guru、Amazon CodeGuru、GitHub Copilot and GPT-3 And other tools are the first step towards future development , Machine learning is used for code development and software operation workflow , Help developers improve efficiency . Over the next few years , I believe that the capacity in this field will grow explosively .

machine learning (ML) It will make developers from code review and troubleshooting 、 Free from indiscriminate work , So that they can focus more on creating . These machine learning technologies will also help us write complex systems at an unprecedented speed , And open the door for a new class of developers in many ways . Imagine a scene , Developers just need to describe how they want the application to run , Then various tools are processed through natural language , Explain their request , And return the fully functional code . On the back end , Machine learning technology will also check for software errors , Constantly verify that the software has done what it should do . This kind of software development supported by machine learning will reshape the rules of the game , It can enable more people throughout the organization to help define and build software and software driven products . In the long run , The same machine learning method will liberate us , To create more possibilities for a variety of other areas , Such as media creation . We'll see the generative AI technology (generative AI) More and more used to create films 、 Music and Literature . Equally important , In a similar way ,AI/ML Technology will also begin to detect false content 、 Fraud plays a role .2022 The year will be AI/ML A year that has played an important role in the work and life of developers .

Forecast 2 : The clouds are boundless , Unlimited expansion

The cloud will be extended to every site through dedicated devices and dedicated solutions . To 2022 year , We'll see these solutions leverage the full power of the cloud , Transform the warehouse 、 The restaurant 、 Retail store 、 Farm, etc .

In the field of supply chain and logistics , We call the last part of the journey “ Last mile ”, That's the last part of the journey before you get home . In e-commerce, this is a challenging part of the whole journey , Because of different positions , There are many variables . for example , Delivering packages to customers on the busy and crowded streets of Tokyo is very different from delivering packages on rural roads in the United States . In Amazon , utilize Amazon Scout( An all electric automatic delivery equipment ) Innovative technology , We are developing special solutions for the delivery of the last kilometer . Cloud in “ Last mile ” I have my own challenges , I predict that there will be several innovations to help solve this problem .

In the past 15 In the year , We have built extensive global infrastructure , Expand to the world 25 Geographical regions and 81 Usable area , cover 310 Multiple access points , To exceed 245 Countries and regions provide services . But now , We see that cloud services are going beyond the boundaries of the traditional Amazon cloud technology region , Extend to the edge of the network , Or as e-commerce calls it “ Last mile ”.

We have witnessed “ Clouds are almost everywhere ” Reality . We are 2022 The transformation that will be seen in is , The cloud becomes highly specialized at the edge of the network . In order to be in the workshop and warehouse 、 Restaurants and retail stores or remote areas fully realize the advantages of the cloud , Must build a tailored solution at the edge . With... In the cloud Amazon Scout be similar , Amazon Monitron and Amazon Panorama Bring specific devices to the edge of the cloud to complete such work . They bring the high security of the cloud 、 Advanced functionality and delivery speed , And can be placed almost anywhere in the world . These devices are not isolated boxes in a corner , But to become a true extension of the cloud , It can connect all the core functions of the cloud .

We will be in 2022 Even in the next few years , The cloud is accelerating beyond the traditional centralized infrastructure model into unexpected 、 In an environment that requires specialized build technology . Clouds will appear in your car 、 Teapot and TV , Clouds will appear on trucks traveling on the road 、 In everything from ships and planes that carry goods . The cloud will be distributed all over the world , Connected to almost all digital devices or systems on earth and even in space .

Forecast 3 : The rise of intellectual space , Especially in the field of elderly care

2022 year , Home and building will become better assistants and more intimate partners , Really help us meet the most humanized needs . In the next few years , The biggest beneficiaries will be the elderly .

One of the biggest inspirations brought to me by technology , It is the role it plays in solving the real problems of mankind . After years of meeting with customers around the world who use cloud computing to achieve this goal , We had an idea , That is, start through a named “Now Go Build” To record their stories . We introduced an inspiring customer in the program , It's a Japanese company called Z-Works The company . The company focuses on improving care for the elderly , And help expand the scale of this activity through technology .

Z-Works The problem is that with fewer and fewer people engaged in elderly care , How to provide intelligent and thoughtful care for the elderly in Japan . The company's solution is to arrange sensors on the bed and the whole room of the nursing home , And connect all sensors to the cloud for continuous data analysis . These sensor arrays are more than just monitoring vital signs . Because these sensors run machine learning models trained in the cloud , Therefore, they can also judge whether the old man went to the bathroom and didn't return in time . In that case , The system can inform the personnel on duty to check the condition of the relevant elderly . essentially , This is a highly humanized response brought by a highly intelligent space . If people realize the need , They will do the same . under these circumstances , Is provided by private and secure data streams ML Model , Send signals to people through intelligent actions . We are approaching a node , That's environmental computing 、 Internet of things sensor collection 、 long-range / Mobile data collection and edge processing , And things like Amazon Alexa Such smart devices will have a really positive impact as we have always expected .

Over the next few years , We will see smart spaces emerge in many environments , But the field of elderly care will bear the brunt . These may be a combination of some simple tasks : From dimming the lights , To lock the door , Deal with the oven that you forgot to turn off , To a scene closer to the life of the elderly 、 More proactive things , For example, ask questions when there is a deviation from the normal lifestyle , And implement common sense solutions when necessary . This will enable people to be better taken care of , In the case of an aging population , This means that we will create a new family category , So that people can really stay at home .

Forecast 4 : Sustainable development will have an exclusive framework

2022 year , Developers will begin to make meaningful changes to the systems and applications they build “ sustainable development ” Conscious decision making . They will look for new approaches to Cloud Architecture , To meet and optimize the needs of protecting the earth and end users at the same time .

As a developer , We are trained for safety 、 performance 、 Optimize the architecture by factors such as reliability and cost . stay 2022 year , Sustainable development will become a new consideration . We will begin to see in the next few years , Developers play an active role in building a sustainable architecture . They will not only consider the problems being solved , Also consider the sustainable development of the earth .

As a consumer , We have long hoped that video and music can have higher sound and picture quality , Web pages load faster , Can store more and more photos , But people are also beginning to realize , This convenience may have a negative impact on the environment . Whether consumers really need to download as quickly as possible ? Can we help them make smarter decisions , That is, when the download speed is slightly affected , For more “ Carbon friendly ” To store data assets ? Can we offer something better than 4K A slightly lower quality video stream to reduce the carbon footprint , And through large-scale practice , So as to have a positive impact on the earth ? The sustainability framework will incorporate these factors into the decision-making process .

Developers will play an active role in reducing the carbon footprint of their applications . This will happen in all areas : For example, they will choose where the application will run to take advantage of green energy in the power grid , Or consider the time it takes to process a task , Even specify the use of special chipsets . When we use Web Scale runtime , Even small savings can have a huge impact . We'll also see developers think further “ Turn off the ” The power of resources .“ Always online ” It is the mantra and expectation of many people , But there is a price . in consideration of “ Always online ” Architecture needs to take up resources when it's free , We may start to see a new trend , namely “ The most environmentally friendly energy is the energy we don't use ”. This does not mean that we do not do high availability architecture design , This just means that we will be more aware of sustainable development in our architectural decisions .

We need to be clear about this : Technology requires the use of energy , At Amazon cloud , We are committed to making informed infrastructure choices . We are expected to be in 2025 Years of implementation 100% Using renewable energy , This is better than what we originally set up 2030 The annual target is five years ahead of schedule . however , Amazon cloud technology makes clouds in wind energy 、 Run on solar or hydroelectric energy , It is only part of the responsibility of developers and company operators for sustainable development . Customer 、 Employees and potential employees will increasingly be asked to face common responsibilities , And make a real effort .

Forecast 5 : The era of LEO satellites will produce new types of applications ( A new wave of network connectivity , New category of applications )

Low earth orbit (LEO) Satellites will bring affordable broadband to every corner of the earth . This will change the lives of billions of people —— Teachers' 、 Student 、 Small business owners , Almost anyone can surf the Internet .

In the next five years , More than 20000 satellites will fan out in low orbit above the earth . There will be about 1500 One from Amazon Project Kuiper project , The project is a satellite network , The goal is to provide quick access to underserved and underserved communities around the world 、 Affordable Broadband ( The first satellites are scheduled for 2022 It entered orbit in the autumn of ). With this “ The size of the earth (planet-scale)” Broadband coverage is beginning to , There will be a whole new class of applications to benefit from .

today , Most digital applications are limited by existing networks , These are designed for low bit rate or intermittent network connections . In some usage scenarios, digital applications and systems are designed to operate offline , However, compared with similar products connected in real time, it usually expires quickly or has limited functions , Like traditional GPS Navigator and mobile phone App This is the case with navigation . When people are no longer connected by the Internet 、 What happens when bandwidth or latency is limited ? When these places cover the Internet that everyone can afford , A world full of untapped possibilities becomes a reality , We will enter LEO The new pattern brought by satellites .

With ubiquitous Internet connectivity , We will begin to unlock scenes that are simply impossible to achieve today . Just imagine : Every child can use the same learning tools ; SMEs have mastered the digital tools they need to win more customers , Their business is growing , Create jobs in rural and remote communities around the world . We can more easily monitor afforestation in remote areas , Can better track disasters such as fires and floods , To act faster . Have, for example, solar facilities 、 Large enterprises with heavy equipment or remote assets covering vast buildings can better optimize the use and maintenance of these assets . Logistics transportation companies can use their vehicles 、 During the operation of aircraft and ships, data is continuously uploaded to the cloud for access , And regularly to the ground 、 Ships and air vehicles, etc . Ubiquitous Internet connection will upgrade us from smart space to smart city 、 Smart country , Finally to the world of wisdom .

copyright notice
author[TechWeb],Please bring the original link to reprint, thank you.

Random recommended