current position:Home>On the right and wrong of "the old man's hanging Kang for heating and sealed Kang", the key is to clarify this bottom line

On the right and wrong of "the old man's hanging Kang for heating and sealed Kang", the key is to clarify this bottom line

2022-02-03 13:21:22 Sogou wechat




In recent days, ,
Two place 80 Notification of illegal use of hanging Kang for heating by multi-year-old people ,
Draw wide attention to .
According to the report of Yuncheng Salt Lake District, Shanxi Province :
Block the hanging Kang and remove the chimney ,
But the question behind it is worth pondering .


Such phenomena ,
Many in recent years ,
Overall speaking ,
The grass-roots government wants to ,
How to defend the blue sky ,
The common people are concerned about ,
How to warm the winter .
therefore ,
In rural areas “ Coal to gas ”“ Coal to electricity ” since ,
The government's policy of benefiting the people has given ,
The money also went to ,
But some people do not fully accept such benefits ,
Instead, I feel a lot of inconvenience ,
“ Just change without ” There are many phenomena .

    Environmental protection , Or people's livelihood ?

The fundamental contradiction is :
The dual goals of pollution control and people's livelihood security are sometimes inconsistent .
Past winter ,
Especially the haze pollution in the north is shocking ,
Governments at all levels are determined to govern ,
Promulgated “ No burning ”、“ Coal to gas ”、“ Coal to electricity ” Wait for policy ,
Invested a lot of administrative resources .
From the original intention ,
Environmental governance is the right development path ,
People also support more environmental protection 、
A clean lifestyle ,
But practice is always much more complicated than imagination ,
Implementation “ emergency ”,
And lifestyle changes “ slow ”,
It's hard to reconcile for a while ,
For example, the old people living alone are sealed on the Kang and frozen ,
Previously, there were some people due to gas shortage 、 The heating is sluggish and frozen ,
And the plight of pupils frozen in class .
Policies can have priorities ,
The air environment is generally good 、
The long-term nature of the popularization of clean energy 、
And the time point of frequent cold waves in front of us ,
The actual heating demand of the masses comes first .
The north , Winter life revolves around Kang ,
image 85 Old people “ secretly ” Burn the Kang with firewood ,
After the hanging Kang is sealed , Sleep in thick clothes ,
In fact, they are just the basic living needs of heating .
If you can't meet the basic needs of heating ,
Even if the air shock gets better ,
The policy has been reached in stages ,
But people are sick , It's painful ,
Policy costs and “ Negative externality ” It's too high .

    Is the opening method of cleaning energy perfect ?

We see ,
In this case, the grass-roots government is for two elderly people
Equipped with a small solar heater and heating equipment ,
Clean energy transformation in hardware has been carried out ,
It's a warm move 、 The policy of benefiting the people .
however ,
First, we have to think about an underlying problem ,
Electricity replaces coal 、 gas 、 wood 、 Is the oil clean ?
not always ,
We must see how electricity is sent out .
If the electric energy is still coal-fired power generation ,
Just once “ Pollution transfer ”,
Itself is not environmentally friendly ;
If the electric energy is photovoltaic 、
wind 、 Water and other natural ways ,
It's really clean ,
But this new energy approach itself
It is still in the process of development and popularization .
secondly ,
Think about a theoretical problem ,
Many rural areas use modern heating equipment ,
But this configuration
It is based on the construction practice of urban residential buildings ,
And rural housing spatial structure and building materials 、
Is airtightness compatible with area ?
Adapt to the physiological feelings of the rural elderly ?
From the experience of the old man in this example ,
Little sun heating , Not a warm house !
And some old people can't smell the heat from the hot air heater .
therefore ,
Systematic cleaning works should be comprehensively considered
From the power supply 、 Energy efficiency utilization from electrical appliances to houses and other links ,
Think a few more steps ,
“ The water ” The strategy of
Often backfires 、 have the order reversed .
also , Think about the cost .
Nowadays, the cost of clean energy is still high .
We saw the sincerity of the local government ,
They give each farmer a one-time heating subsidy ,
Greatly reduce the cost of electricity .
But after the subsidy is over ?
Many farmers keep boilers at home 、 Kang ,
Perhaps we should consider reopening it after the subsidy is over ,
After all, burning firewood is zero cost .
We don't have to criticize this kind of “ Rational people ” The calculation of ,
We just need to think about how to deal with it when the contradiction arises again .
in addition ,
Old people living alone 、 Electricity risk of the elderly in hollow village
It also needs to be taken into account .



    whether “ To perform one service ”?


Clean energy use is not just an economic issue ,
It's also a social governance issue ,
It also touches the bottom of the concept of local life .
Firewood burning 、 Coal burning 、 Burning straw ,
It is an organic part of farmers' life for thousands of years ,
Even a mode of production ,
Need to think systematically
Consider governance benefits and risk spillovers .
In recent years ,
For the sake of safety 、 Environmental protection and other multiple objectives ,
The grass-roots level has been formed
Relatively detailed response systems and methods .
But there are also some slots ,
The masses have complaints ,
for example ,
Use administrative power , Directly seal the Kang .
Grassroots cadres may also have difficulties ,
Rewards and punishments for work in many areas are linked to such assessments ,
All kinds of pressure are transmitted layer by layer ,
Often distorted or “ One size fits all ” The operation of .
Environmental protection and cleaning 、 Health and beauty
Is our goal and consensus .
Under the grand strategy ,
We should adhere to overall promotion ,
First stand, then break .
Clean energy alternatives 、
Traditional energy combustion in a certain stage ,
Sure “ Walk on two legs ”,
Such as “ Electricity is better than electricity 、 It's better to be angry than angry 、
Coal is better than coal 、 Heat is better than heat ”,
In short, we should take the warmth of the masses as the bottom line ,
To be patient ,
Keep the blue sky warm ,
Grasp rigidity and flexibility ,
This is the optimal policy mix .
Pursue... Blindly “ face ”,
It's easy to lose “ Lining ”.


Xin Chou Nian November 15


edit : Sweet clover
editor : The cold winter
source :

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