current position：Home>Driving the ecological carbon reduction of 1.5 billion tons in 15 years, Ali and experts from all walks of life made suggestions
Driving the ecological carbon reduction of 1.5 billion tons in 15 years, Ali and experts from all walks of life made suggestions
2022-02-04 14:57:57 【TechWeb】
【TechWeb】12 month 19 Daily news , recently ,《 Alibaba carbon neutral action report 》（ Hereinafter referred to as 《 The report 》） Official release , Facing the future , Put forward three major objectives ： Do a good job of green Alibaba （ Range 1 And scope 2）： No later than 2030 year , Alibaba has achieved carbon neutrality in its own operations ; Strengthen the green value chain （ Range 3）： No later than 2030 year , Alibaba cooperates with upstream and downstream value chains to achieve carbon emission intensity ratio 2020 Year down 50%; among , Alibaba cloud takes the lead in realizing carbon neutralization in the value chain , Become a flower “ Green clouds ”; Expand green ecology （ Range 3+）： Outside its own operations and supply chain , Ali promises to use the platform , By helping consumers and businesses , Stimulate greater social participation , To 2035 year 15 Year , Drive the cumulative ecological carbon reduction 15 One hundred million tons of .
In the release 《 The report 》 after , Alibaba Luohan hall also held 《 Seminar on green development of enterprises in the form of double carbon 》, The meeting invited nearly 20 A government 、 Professional institution 、 Academic and business experts , The discussion focused on how enterprises reduce carbon and how technology enterprises help carbon neutralization , Suggestions and suggestions for enterprises and even the whole society to realize carbon neutralization as soon as possible .
It is worth noting that , Range 3+ It is a new carbon reduction range pioneered by Alibaba , It identifies and clarifies the carbon reduction responsibilities outside the value chain from a platform perspective . Alibaba hopes to pass the scope 3+ The proposed , Joint ecological partners , Combined with the power of consumers , Jointly achieve carbon reduction 15 Billion tons of vision .
Member of Alibaba Sustainable Development Management Committee 、ESG Yang Lingye, head of the Department, said , In order to ensure the smooth implementation of carbon neutralization goal , The governance structure of Alibaba's business units has been set up from the three-tier board of directors , In the future, we will strengthen information disclosure and invest more resources and funds in new technologies and innovative models ; The core is carbon reduction in development , Carbon neutralization strategy will be deeply integrated with Alibaba's business , Walk solidly 、 steady .
Energy transformation is one of the key pillars for countries and enterprises to realize carbon neutrality strategy . Dr. Wu Yin, former deputy director of the national energy administration, used “ Liuhua ” This paper summarizes the steps and thoughts of China's energy transformation ： That is, the electrification of energy system ; Low carbon power system ; Low carbon system distribution ; Diversification of distribution system ; Multi system networking ; System networking and intellectualization ; For Alibaba's carbon neutral strategy , Wu Yin commented ：“《 The report 》 Have a strong sense of mission 、 Systematic and instructive , Completely and comprehensively implemented the new development concept , Goals are clear and actionable .” He also specifically proposed , Alibaba has great potential to drive ecological carbon reduction , Reduce the area of small express sheet paper , Can be 1000 100 million express packing boxes save 4000 Billion sheets of paper . Finally, he hopes Alibaba can increase investment in energy science and technology innovation , Drive major technological changes in relevant industries .
In terms of energy saving and efficiency improvement , Honorary director of the national climate change expert committee 、 Du Xiangwan, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, pointed out at the meeting that , As the first of China's energy strategy . At present, China's energy intensity is the world average 1.3 times , Produce a unit GDP Energy consumption is higher than the world average 30%-40%. The reason behind this is that the industrial structure is biased , The management level is not high . therefore , Academician Du highly recognized 《 The report 》 The part about carbon reduction in Cloud Computing , He thinks that , Replace traditional with cloud computing IT Improve energy efficiency 、 Digitalization helps enterprises and cities manage and reduce their carbon footprint , It can help achieve the development goal of reducing the overall unit carbon intensity .
Academician, Chinese academy of engineering 、 Professor Jiang Yi of Tsinghua University starts from the orderly charging pile network , Put forward new ideas for solving the problem of new energy consumption . He pointed out that , China's total planned power generation in the future 60% The above are wind power and radio and television , The difference from traditional artificial power supply is “ Just listen to God ”, Uncontrollable . The most difficult problem in the development of wind power is that the demand on the load side is not synchronized with the change of power generation measurement . If there are... Every year in the future 8 Trillion kwh of electricity comes from wind power 、 Photoelectricity , Every day is probably 300 100 million kwh . It is conservatively estimated that China will have 3 Million private cars , After all electrification, there will be at least... Every day 150 100 million kwh of power storage capacity . As long as the charging pile problem is solved , This will solve the problem of new energy consumption . To be specific , Jiang Yi suggested , But in Beijing 、 Two way charging and discharging networks are widely laid in these vehicle intensive areas in Hangzhou , It not only meets the charging requirements of electric vehicles , It can also realize the flexible power consumption of buildings and the active peak shaving of power grid , works .
2001 Winner of the Nobel Prize in economics , Michael, academic member of Luohan hall · Spencer thinks , Digital platforms will play a huge role in carbon neutralization , This is related to 《 The report 》 The scope of the 3+ Some coincide . The platform will help reduce carbon in three aspects ： First, the carbon neutralization of platform enterprises' own operation and value chain will contribute to the carbon neutralization of the whole society . The second is the connection function of the platform , It can imperceptibly promote people's consumption 、 Positive changes in communication and buying behavior , Create a more green and low-carbon behavior pattern . Third , The platform is the disseminator of information , Can promote information related to climate response 、 Free flow of data and technology . He said , I'm glad Alibaba can set carbon neutrality targets , Use technology and model innovation to help more people join the journey of carbon reduction .
Former president of the American Institute of Finance 、 Chinese Finance 40 Patrick, international consultant of people's Forum · Professor Bolton found through his research on financial markets ： Compared with companies that have not made carbon reduction commitments , The company's commitment does have a significant impact on reducing emissions . And when companies reduce emissions , The market gives a smaller discount rate to its P / E ratio （ High P / E ratio ）. And high emission companies , Under the same conditions , The relative P / E ratio is lower . It can be seen that as a part of the financial system , Investors are taking action . For companies that make carbon reduction commitments , The capital market will give greater returns . He thinks that , Except promise to 2030 Carbon neutralization was achieved in , Alibaba can also play three other very important roles . First, digital technology can enable us to better measure and report carbon emissions , Among them, big data and artificial intelligence can play a great role . The second is to help design an effective carbon offset market , Because the key part of this market is to measure effective carbon reduction . Last , A very important application prospect of digital technology is to help circular economy achieve a larger scale 、 More effective resource reuse , So as to achieve the goal of carbon reduction in production and consumption .
Li Jin, vice president of Shanghai environment and energy exchange, told 《 The report 》 Make a high evaluation ：“ From the choice of carbon emission standards 、 International accounting methods , Including the construction of internal organizational structure , Choice of technology and management path , All show a high degree of professionalism , It can be called the model of enterprise carbon neutralization action plan .” She went on to suggest , Ali, as the leader of the ecosystem , We should increase incentives for low-carbon behavior and low-carbon production methods . For example, personal consumption based on the whole scene , Individual carbon account system can be established , Connect more consumption and living scenes with the carbon emission system . So as to lay a good foundation for the construction of carbon inclusive system , On the other hand, it also provides richer application scenarios .
in addition , Professor Li Dihua, Dean of the school of architecture and landscape design of Peking University, said ,《 The report 》 Enhance social trust and employee participation as one of the principles of carbon reduction action . He said , The most important force to maintain social health is to build between people , Between businesses , On the basis of mutual trust between people and enterprises . Like scope 1、2 To the extent 3、3+, Enterprises' carbon reduction responsibilities continue to expand , The need for mutual trust and cooperation is also increasing . Finally, he concluded ：“ This is by far the most perfect green carbon reduction action plan for domestic enterprises , I very much look forward to the implementation of such an action plan , And can affect more enterprises to shoulder the same responsibility ”.
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